P16 (CDKN2A) Deletion
- P16, 9p21.3, Red
- D9Z3, 9q12, Green
The P16 probe, labelled in red, covers a 193kb region of 9p21.3, extending from 105kb telomeric of P16 (CDKN2A) gene to 46kb centromeric of CDKN2B. The probe mix also contains a control probe for chromosome 9 (D9Z3, the heterochromatic block at 9q12) labelled in green.
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most frequent form of aggressive lymphoma and deletions of the P16 (now known as CDKN2A) locus occur in approximately one-third of DLBCL patients1.
The CDKN2A gene encodes a cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor that functions in the control of phosphorylation of Retinoblastoma (RB), a protein that is frequently hypermethylated in lymphomas2. There are two proteins produced by the CDKN2A gene, P16 and P14ARF, the latter being an alternate reading frame product. These protein products have been linked to two tumour suppressor pathways, the RB pathway and the p53 pathway. P16 inhibits phosphorylation of RB, whereas P14ARF targets MDM2, a P53 inhibitory protein, for degradation. A deletion of the CDKN2A gene would therefore disturb both pathways3.
Losses of CDKN2A are significantly associated with a shorter survival after treatment4.
In our hands, Cytocell FISH probes, have proven to be of the highest quality with bright, easy to interpret signals, thus providing confidence in our results. Cytocell’s customer support is outstanding, as their staff are extremely knowledgeable and truly care about their customers and their customers’ needs. Jennie Thurston, Director of Cytogenetics at Carolinas Pathology Group
1. Guney et al., Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2012 Sep;51(9):858-67
2. Chim et al., Hum Pathol. 2007 Dec;38(12):1849-57
3. Møller et al., Leukemia. 1999 Mar;13(3):453-9
4. Jardin et al., Blood. 2010 Aug 19;116(7):1092-104
- Area of Interest*
- Lymphoma, Brain Tumour, Lung Cancer
This product is intended to be used on Carnoy’s solution (3:1 methanol/acetic acid) fixed haematological samples, or formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues.
*Disease information supported by the literature and is not a reflection of the intended purpose of this product.